Glasma
Glasma

4x4 in. The possible glasma state--Flux tubes of full gluon saturation. Public collection, RHIC, Brookhaven NY.

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Gold Nuclei About to Collide
Gold Nuclei About to Collide

Based on experiments at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven, recreating the conditions a micro-micro second after the big bang. Public collection, RHIC, Long Island, NY.

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Overlap
Overlap

Random arrangement of protons and neutrons inside the colliding nuclei is one reason for initial density fluctuations which expand from coordinate into momentum space. Public collection, RHIC, Long Island, NY.

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Nuclei Collide
Nuclei Collide

4 Trillion degrees! Melting of the nuclei in the overlap region, leading to a new state of matter referred to as Quark-Gluon Plasma.

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Quark-Gluon Plasma
Quark-Gluon Plasma

The protons and neutron's constitute quarks and gluons (the carriers of the strong force which holds nucleons and nuclei together) are briefly freed from their eternal confinement.

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Expanding Fireball of QGP
Expanding Fireball of QGP

The quark-gluon plasma begins to cool as it expands. This medium has been found to act more like a liquid than a gas because it is highly interacting and flows collectively. It is represented as red, green, and blue because these colors are used to refer to the charge of the strong force, which has three possibilities, opposed to the electromagnetic which has two, positive and negative.

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Initial QGP Density Fluctations
Initial QGP Density Fluctations

12x12 in, Oil on Panel Analogous to the density fluctuations in the early universe, which have expanded into the higher gravity area in which matter has coalesced into superclusters of galaxies today.

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Colliding Nuclei Creating QGP
Colliding Nuclei Creating QGP

16x20 in. Canvas on Panel, Acrylic, Oil, Glitter, Acrylic Medium, Decorative Metal Studs, Miniscule Rhinestones. Public collection, RHIC, Long Island, NY.

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Further Expansion!
Further Expansion!
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Gluon Jet
Gluon Jet

Radiation of Gluons in Quark-Gluon Plasma 9x12, Etched in textured scratch paper. Public collection, RHIC, Long Island, NY.

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Degrees of Freedom
Degrees of Freedom

Represents the Graph of the the Degrees of Freedom of the thermal system, representing the transition from a gas into Quark-Gluon Plasma. 9x12 in, Etched in textured scratch paper Private collection, New York (I think).

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Detail
Detail

(of Initial Density Fluctuations) Public collection, RHIC, Long Island, NY.

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Detail
Detail

Public collection, RHIC, Long Island, NY.

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QGP Entering Hadronisation (detail)
QGP Entering Hadronisation (detail)

Quark-Gluon Plasma expanding. The springs represent gluons. After 10x^-23 seconds the quarks become reconfined into a thousands of new particles, created by the unimaginably high energy of these collisions, because energy=mass (E=mc^2). This energy also allows for the creation of heavier generations of quarks, along with their antimatter counterparts, which all recombine into groups of two and threes, creating over 100 types of particles which do not exist in normal matter (atoms).

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QGP Entering Hadronisation
QGP Entering Hadronisation

The particles are highly interacting, creating further new particles (but energy is always conserved). Unusual matter decays very quickly, some many times before hitting the detector. The higher mass quarks are represented by the larger sequins. They are created less frequently due to the large amount of energy required, and are often found in close proximity, in areas of higher energy density. After a certain temperature is reached, particles cease to interact and free stream to the detectors.

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Infrared Slavery/Struggling Neuron
Infrared Slavery/Struggling Neuron

Result of a property of the strong force--that it actually increases with distance. Therefor, the further away, the more it is felt. The neuron's hands are a personification of the quark's eternal binding. If a force disrupting them is strong enough, the energy just becomes new particles, still bound together by the strong force. Oil on Canvas, Jewels. 24x36 in. Public collection, RHIC, Long Island, NY.

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Gluon Radiation in QGP
Gluon Radiation in QGP

24x30 in. Springs, Guitar Strings, Wire, Studs, Wooden Stretchers, Metallic Paint. Public collection, RHIC, Long Island, NY.

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Meson
Meson

A particle which consists of a quark and it's anti-quark (anti-matter)--formed in the extreme conditions created in collisions at the particle accelerator. 1x 2 in. Jewels, Wire, and Glitter on Canvas. Public collection, RHIC, Long Island, NY.

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Beta Decay
Beta Decay

Decay of a neutron (bottom red, green, and blue quarks) into a proton (top), via the weak force (represented by wave), releasing an electron (iridescent) and electron anti-neutrino (black)

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Baryon
Baryon

A particle which consists of three quarks, which maintain color charge (signified by red, green, and blue charge). One can observe virtual quarks surrounding each quark. A proton or neutron are examples of baryons. They are just 2 of over a hundred possible different kinds, however. 1x1 in. Wire, Sequins, and Glitter on Canvas. Public collection, RHIC, Long Island, NY.

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Jet Supression
Jet Supression

9x12 in. Acrylic on Paper in Blacklight Represents a hadron jet (a stream of particles) being suppressed on one end due to the opacity of the Quark-Gluon Plasma.

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Electron Positron Annihilation
Electron Positron Annihilation

9x12 in. Acrylic on Paper in Blacklight Shows what is called a three jet event, which is significant because a gluon is observed on its own. A quark and antiquark pair are created, one which splits with a high energy gluon, typically represented by a spring. At each end there are jets of hadrons, further particles created from the energy. The picture on the right represents tracks of particles as observed by a detector. Public collection, RHIC, Long Island, NY.

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Collision Debris
Collision Debris

16x16 in. Oil, Glitter, and Studs on Panel. Public collection, RHIC, Long Island, NY.

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Bubble Chamber
Bubble Chamber

Tracks of subatomic particles which have ionized the medium in an early type of particle detector. 9x12 in, Conte Crayon on Pastel Paper

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